## Locomotive numbering system of the Deutsche Bahn AG |

Since 1992, the German state railways (DB and DR, merged into the DBAG since 1994) have a common numbering system, which is similar to the one that the DB used since 1968.

The numbers look like this: 000 000-0, the first group of three denotes the class, the next group of three is the serial number, and the last digit is the check digit, to check whether the number is correct.

The numbers can be extended to international numbers later, by adding a sequence such as 90 80 0 at the left.

- 0: Steam locomotives
- 1: Electric locomotives
- 2: Diesel locomotives
- 3: Small shunting locomotives
- 4: Electric railcars (EMUs)
- 5: Accumulator railcars
- 6: Diesel railcars (DMUs) except rail buses
- 7: Service railcars and rail buses
- 8: Additional/intermediate/cab cars for 4 and 5
- 9: Additional/intermediate/cab cars for 6 and 7

- x88 = all museum locomotives/railcars (the number is not written outside)
- x99 = all narrow gauge locomotives

- if 1st digit = 0:

0-1 locomotives with tender for advanced (fast) passenger trains

2-3 locomotives with tender for passenger trains

4-5 locomotives with tender for freight trains

6-7 tank locomotives for passenger trains

8-9 tank locomotives for freight trains and shunters

97 (2nd+3rd digit) rack locomotives

98 (2nd+3rd digit) old locomotives for local trains

99 (2nd+3rd digit) narrow gauge locomotives - if 1st digit = 1: 0--1 = passenger, 2--3 = universal, 4--5 = freight, 6 = shunting, 7 = other systems, 8 = multiple systems
- if 1st digit = 2: 0--8 = mainline, 9 = shunting
- if 1st digit = 3: denotes `power group'
- if 1st digit = 4: 0 = high speed, 2 = commuter AC, 7--8 = commuter DC
- if 1st digit = 6: 0--1 = long distance, 2--9 = short distance
- if 1st digit = 7: 0--8 = service cars, 9 = rail buses
- if 1st digit = 8--9: same as accompanying power car

Tobias B. Köhler (ukjp@rz.uni-karlsruhe.de) - October 1996