Number series: 1601-1622/1625
UIC Class: 91 84 1116 xxx-x
Number built: 58
Number in service for Railion Nederland: 8 (September 2009)
Axle arrangement: B'B'
Hourly power rating: 5100kW
Continuous power rating: 2x2270 = 4540kW
Maximum speed: 160km/h (180km/h possible)
Maximum tractive effort: 259kN
Weight in working order: 83 tonnes
Wheel diameter (new): 1260mm
Motors: Alsthom TAB 666 A1
Builder mechanical part: Alsthom (France)
Builder electrical part: Alsthom (France)
In the beginning of the 1980s the Dutch Raiways needed new electric locomotives
to replace class 1000 and 1500, and to extend the number of locomotive-hauled
trains. NS class 1600 has been bought again from Alsthom in France. This time
the class is based on SNCF (France) class BB 7200, and the locomotives have an
unmistakable French outline. The locomotives have monomotor bogies and are
chopper-controlled (variable frequency). They are capable of 180km/h, but
restricted to 160km/h by line speed limits. A single locomotive is only allowed
to operate at 120km/h. Multiple traction of two locomotives is in principle
possible, but is forbidden because of disturbances in the signalling
The locomotives of class 1600 were used for all kinds of trains, from (the first series of) double-deck push-pull commuter trains to very heavy freight trains. They were the main locomotive class for the locomotive-hauled InterCity trains on Haarlem - Maastricht and The Hague - Heerlen. But now class 1700 electric locomotives (replaced in double-deck commuter trains by motor cars class mDDM) have largely replaced class 1600 on these lines, class 1600 will be used more and more on freight trains. Since January 1999 37 members of class 1600 were deployed by Railion Benelux, as the remaining 21 members are mainly used on double-deck push-pull trains (class DDM) and for international trains by NS-Reizigers (NS passenger service). These are now renumbered in the 1800 series.
In August 2000 4 more locomotives were sold to go to NS-Reizigers, 1634-1637 (including the only one in red livery!). In 2002/3 10 more locomotives followed, for which Railion will get 12 diesel locomotives class 232/241 of DB Cargo in exchange. All of these have now gone, with 1623 instead of 1625 which was heavily damaged in an accident. So Railion now owns 1601-1622 and 1625, of which 1605/1618/1622/1625 are stored out of service after accidents. More locomotives have been stored because of lack of work for them.
As ACTS is taking over some work from Railion, 4 locomotives of this class are hired/sold to ACTS. 11 more locomotives are stored at the moment, such that only 8 are operational for Railion. In July nrs. 1601-1603 were additionally stored. In September 1602 returned to duty.