SNTF - Société
Nationale des transports Ferroviaires
Network length, gauge and electrification (2008):
- 2888km standard gauge, 283km electrified at 3000V=
- 1095km narrow gauge(1055mm), not electrified
Railway was built in Algeria as from 1857, by French PLM and 4 more
local concessionaries. The French State took over the latter from 1900
and merged them into CFAE (Chemins de Fer Algériens de l'Etat) in 1912.
In 1938, as SNCF was set up, CFAE was eventually merged with PLM into
an "Office" (OCFA), a regional branch of SNCF.
OCFA became a self-contained company in 1960 (SNCFA-Société Nationale
des Chemins de Fer Français en Algérie), whose ownership passed to the
Democratic and People's Republic of Algeria upon independence
(05/07/1962) and name changed to Société Nationale des Chemins de Fer
Algériens (SNCFA) in 1963.
SNCFA was eventually split into 3 companies in 1976, with rail services
and infrastructure entrusted to SNTF (Société Nationale des Transports
Ferroviaires). In 1990, SNTF got further commercial freedom, and became
an EPIC, i.e. an industrial and commercial state corporation.
Internal unrest in the 1990s had a disruptive impact on railway
operations. Since then, overall safety has improved, but Western
embassies still release caution travel advice.
Passenger traffic primarily includes mainline services on
Oran-Alger-Constantine-Annaba, and some commuter services around Oran
and Alger. Freight is mainly driven by fossil fuels, chemicals and iron
In 2004, the Algerian government gave its go-ahead to ambitious
plans for the upgrade of the Oran-Annaba main corridor (with some new
quasi-HSL portions), and a genuine RER for Alger (2009). The
re-instatement of the "Transmagreb", which ran from on
Tunis-Alger-Rabat in 1972-1976, is also on the agenda.
SNS - Société Nationale de Sidérurgie
Network length, gauge and electrification (2000):
- standard gauge, not electrified
SNS operates ore trains in Algeria. It seems that worldwide steel
producter AcelorMittal has taken over the operations of SNS. Stock data
based on "Maghreb Rail"
by Marcel Vleugels.
Last update: 24-02-2012