ONCFM - Office National des Chemins de Fer du Maroc
Network length, gauge and electrification (2007):
- 1907km standard gauge, 1022km electrified at 3000V=
Railway construction only began in 1916 in Morocco , with narrow-gauge lines built
by the French Army. Later on, this network was rebuilt to standard gauge, extended
and operated as from 1923 by 3 concessionaries:
- CFM (Chemins de Fer du Maroc), held by French Paris-Orléans (Sidi Kacem-Marrakech)
- TF (Tanger-Fez), held by French PLM and Spain
- CMO (Chemin de Fer du Maroc Oriental), vested in the mining concession of Bouarfa (Fez-Oujda-Bouarfa).
In the Spanish-led territory (North), a railway was also built on Tetuan-Ceuta in 1913-1918
by CEC (Compañía Española de Colonización), yet to iberic-gauge. It passed to state-run
FF.CC.MM (Ferrocarrilles de Marruecos) in 1942 and closed down in the aftermath of independence (1956).
In 1963, the Kingdom of Morocco eventually took over the French concessions, and merged
them into ONCF (Office National des Chemins de Fer Marocains), registered as an EPIC, i.e.
an industrial and commercial state corporation.
Passenger traffic primarily consists in mainline services, ranking among the best in
Africa. Loco-hauled Trains Nobles run a 2-hr regular-interval timetable on
Fez-Rabat-Casablanca-Marrakech (with a few extensions to Tanger and Oujda), while semi-fast
EMUs have been running shuttles (Train National Rapide) every 30-60min on Rabat-Casablanca
since 1984. Freight traffic is primarily driven by phosphates.
There have been extensive track and catenary renewals since the early-1980s, while
double-tracking of Fez-Marrakech is almost complete. Along with a cross-Straight tunnel to
Spain (works due from 2008), ONCF also eyes a 350km/h HSL on Tanger-Marrakech-Agadir. The
re-instatement of the "Transmagreb", which ran on Rabat-Alger-Tunis in 1972-1976, is also
on the agenda.
In 2006, ONCFM passenger traffic grew by 12% to 23.5 million passengers. Freight traffic
amounted 35 million tonnes.
Last update: 01-06-2008