Hrvatski jezik - Croatian language
more than 9 years, the Una line was reopened on 26th January 2001.
The traffic had been disrupted from 8th August 1991 and from then
till the military operation ‘Tempest’ in 1995 the line had been out of
official control. Still, there had been some weak local traffic even during that
period. Later during the war the line and the signs along it were damaged, so
the traffic was completely stopped. Rebuilding, run by the Croatian railways
(HZ) helped by SFOR, started in 1998.
first initiative to build the line dates from the second half of the 19th
century, prompted by the enormous potential of many Adriatic harbours. When so
called partial line (Split - Perkovic
- Siveric and Perkovic - Sibenik, continuing to Knin from 1888) was built in
1873 in Dalmatia, there was a strong initiative for its integration in the
railway net. However, the connection with the continental part of the country
wasn’t built until 1925 and even then it wasn’t passing through the Una
valley, but through Lika (Knin - Gracac - Vrhovine - Plitvicka jezera - Ogulin).
The Lika line is built on a rather inconvenient terrain with lots of strong
curves and big slopes. Although there are some plans for modernisation of the
line, which would include decurving, building new tunnels, and electrification,
there has never been any real investment.
section Bihac (222.59m above the sea level) - Martin Brod - Knin (222m above the
sea level) is 113km long. The first 15km of the line south of Bihac passes
through the Una valley, and the next 50km closely follows the river. The line
crosses 2 bridges over Una, each of them about 70m long. The highest point of
the whole line is the Kaldrma station, which is situated at 673m above the sea
level. The steepest ascent in the direction of Knin is 20 (13km long) and the
steepest descent in the same direction is 23 (18 km long). The overall length of
bridges and viaducts, the biggest of which are Krka, Ostrovica, Butisnica,
Japada and Vrpolje, is 985m, and the overall length of tunnels is 11820m. The
biggest tunnels are Celije, Popov Kuk, and Bjelila.
bridges on the line were demolished and later rebuilt by SFOR units (the
reconstruction was financed by EU). The whole line has been freed from mines
(15m from the rails on each side), various damages have been repaired and new
signals installed. Unfortunately, electrification hasn’t been repaired up to
this day. The line was ready for SFOR trains in 1998. It can handle the axe
pressure of 22,5t and the speed of 40km/s. Security devices were destroyed
during the war, so trains have to stop before two road-crossings. A higher
maximum speed may be introduced with the 2002/02 timetable.
text is based on various HZ materials published on the occasion of reopening the
Una line. We wish to thank the authors of those materials, Mrs. Helena Bunijevac
and Vlatka Skoric.