InterCityExpress (ICE)/InterCity-NeiTech (ICT)
Welcome to the ICE/ICT pages!
These unofficial pages provide information about the current and future
generations of the ICE, the high speed train in Germany and
Switzerland, soon in the Netherlands and other neighbour countries too. They
also cover the ICT, a tilting train derived from and compatible with
the ICE. The information on these pages is collected from generally
available information sources, such as railway magazines and books. I tried
to include any obtainable information about present and future versions of
If you find any inaccuracies or would like to add something, please
e-mail them to me (firstname.lastname@example.org).
Latest news: Spanish railways ordered 16 ICE 3
and 16 Talgo 350 for the high speed line Madrid - Barcelona.
Read here about the ICE 1 accident of 3rd
June 1998 at Eschede.
As these pages are unofficial, they carry the original (and more interesting)
ICE logo, which the DB AG doesn't use any more.
ICE® is a registered trademark of Deutsche Bahn AG.
Using the contents of these pages
If you would like to use or publish the graphics or anything else from these
pages, please contact me in
advance and tell me what you would like to do with it. Please don't abuse
anything for commercial purposes unless I gave my permission first. This is
a "bad example" how not to do it, an ad from DoubleClick for AltaVista:
The ICE 1 picture from this page was reduced in size, converted to
black and white and used to make a commercial animated banner. Don't do this
- ask me first. Thanks.
tobias b. köhler
Latest change: 2001-05-19 (ground plans for ICE 1, ICE 2 and
ICT; timetable for the first ICT-D trains).
Photos of the ICE
ICE V (first prototype)
ICE 1 (first generation in regular service)
ICE 2 (second generation in regular service)
ICE S (test train for ICE 3 components)
ICT (tilting electric train)
ICT VT (tilting diesel train)
ICE 3 DBAG (third generation in regular service,
ICE 3 DBAG (third generation in regular service,
ICE 3 NS (international)
Generations of the ICE
InterCityExperimental, a single experimental train, built in 1985. For
a short period, it held the world record with a speed of 406.9 km/h (252.9
The first generation of the InterCityExpress, in service since 1991.
Long trains (two power heads with ten to twelve cars) for domestic lines and
connections to Switzerland/Austria. 59 ICE1 trainsets are in regular
service today at speeds up to 280 km/h (one was lost in a bad accident in 1998).
The second generation, in service since 1997, consisting of only one power head
with seven cars.
44 trainsets are in service on domestic lines up to 280 km/h.
The third generation, in service from 2000 on, will be able to circulate faster
(technically 330 km/h, 300 km/h in regular service), on steeper lines and in
other countries. For this, the 67 trainsets under construction have no
separate power heads, but motors in half of the cars.
In 2001, the Spanish railway Renfe ordered
16 ICE 3 (and 16 Talgo 350) for their high-speed line Madrid -
Barcelona. With 350 km/h, these will be the fastest regular trains of the
Ideas for possible future ICE generations. Currently it seems most
likely that the next generation high-speed trains will be a product of
German/French cooperation - a common successor to both ICE and
TGV. We will see.
Even though based on a completely different technology, the trains for
the planned Transrapid maglev line Hamburg - Berlin would have
received the name ICE 5, as it was planned that this line would be
operated by the DB AG. However this project has been cancelled. The
Transrapid 08, currently being tested at the experimental line of Lathen,
is painted in ICE colours though. See photos here.
The ICE 21 was planned as another experimental train for testing
new technologies together with the industry, such as alternatives to the
classic bogies used in today's ICE generations. However an agreement
on its funding could not be found. The DB AG is less active in developing
new trains now as it mostly sees itself as a customer of the railway
industry. So the ICE 21 was not built. Some of the pre-developments
for the ICE 21 may be used for future high-speed trains though.
Generations of the ICT
43 tilting InterCity trains with five or seven cars are being
derived from the ICE family to speed up connections on conventional
lines with up to 230 km/h. They entered service in 1999.
20 diesel-electric trainsets with four cars for 200 km/h are being built,
to enter regular service in 2001.
The history of the ICE and ICT (and some predecessors)
- An experimental 3-phase EMU built by AEG reaches 210.2 km/h on
the line Marienfelde - Zossen, reaching world record and demonstrating the
potential of electric traction for high speed.
- The Schienenzeppelin of Franz Kruckenberg's
Flugbahn-Gesellschaft, powered by an air propeller, reaches 230 km/h
- Regular 160 km/h DMU service starts with the Fliegender
Hamburger (Hamburg - Berlin). It is soon extended to numerous lines
from Berlin to other big cities.
- The three 160 km/h EMUs elT 1900, 1901 and 1902 (later
renumbered to ET 11) go into service on the line Berchtesgaden - München -
Stuttgart. Longer distances are not yet possible as not many lines are
- Beginning of second world war, cancellation of all high speed
- The DB and DSG present two revolutionary lightweitht
articulated DMUs to the public, the daytime train VT 10 501 "Senator" and
the night train VT 10 551 "Komet".
- The DB participates in the Trans-Europ-Express network
with the VT 11 (later renumbered to class 601). Top speed is 160 km/h, but
on regular services it only reaches 140 km/h. As TEE, IC
and charter trains, they continue operating into the eighties.
- Due to technical problems, both VT 10 are retired.
- The DR takes its DMU of class VT 18.16 into service on fast
national and international lines (later renumbered to class 175).
- Four class 601 power cars are rebuilt to class 602 with gas
- Three four-car EMUs of class 403/404 for 200 km/h are built
and enter Intercity service. As they are more expensive than
locomotive-hauled trains for the same speed, these prototypes remain the
only of their kind.
- The gas turbine power cars class 602 are retired.
- The first TGV
line is opened (Paris - Lyon). The success of this line causes the DB to take
a closer look at high speed as well (the high speed lines Hannover - Würzburg
and Mannheim - Stuttgart, under construction at that time, were not originally
intended as high speed lines).
- Class 403/404 repainted white/yellow and operating as Lufthansa
Airport Express between Düsseldorf and Frankfurt Airport.
ICE-V ordered (first experimental
- Regular service of DR class 175 ends.
ICE-V delivered to DB.
- 1988 (May):
- ICE-V reaches world
record (406.9 km/h).
- 1988: (end of May):
- High speed line Fulda - Würzburg opened
(airtight InterCity trains with class 120.1 at first).
- ICE 1 delivered to
First ICE line opened (Hamburg - Frankfurt - München).
High speed lines Hannover - Würzburg and Mannheim - Stuttgart start full
- Second ICE line opened (Hamburg - Würzburg - München).
- All ICE 1 delivered.
Third ICE line opened (Hamburg - Frankfurt - Basel).
- ICE demonstration tour in the USA for Amtrak.
First international ICE to Luzern.
- First ICE 2 delivered to DBAG,
operating between Bremen and Frankfurt as long trains.
- ICE 2 reconfigured to half trains
with cab cars and dining-cars, operation on the line Köln - Berlin begins,
one train Hamburg - Berlin.
- Testing of ICT (electric tilting
On 3rd June, a defective wheel tyre on an ICE 1 causes a bad accident near Eschede (between Hannover and
Hamburg). All ICE 1 are temporarily taken out of service.
High speed line Hannover - Berlin opens (mostly operated with ICE 2 of the line Düsseldorf / Bonn - Berlin).
- Testing of ICE 3 for DBAG and
First ICT line opens (Stuttgart - Zürich).
First vehicles of ICT-VT (diesel-electric
tilting trains) completed for testing.
- First ICE 3 services started
(Amsterdam - Köln and special trains to Expo 2000).
ICT lines Berlin - München and Dresden -
- Renfe orders 16 ICE 3 and 16 Talgo 350 for Madrid - Barcelona.
First ICT-VT line (Dresden -
Nürnberg) starts operation in June.
- High speed line Köln - Frankfurt opens with ICE 3 trains.
High speed line Madrid - Zaragoza - Lleida opens with
gauge-changing Talgo 200 trains.
- High speed line extended from Lleida to Barcelona.
New ICE 3 and Talgo 350 trains
go into service.
Additional ICT sets delivered.
- Tilting trains for TEE Rail Alliance delivered to DB AG,
SBB CFF FFS and ÖBB.
The ICE network
This map of all regular ICE lines (as of winter 2000/2001) was
created by Hisayuki Huh in Japan, who is running the page Railways in Germany in English
See also Marcel Grahnert's list of all
ICE and EXE trains in summer 2000.
Other high speed trains:
tobias benjamin köhler (email@example.com)