CFM operates all passenger and freight trains in Moldova, using old
Soviet locomotives and trainsets. Although not a mountainous country
there are several lines with long gradients. Over these triple
locomotives are used for heavy freight trains.
There are 3 border crossings with Romania although Iasi-Ungheni is the
only one with through international passenger trains. With Ukraine
there are multiple border crossings. The lines in the north
(Cernivci-Ocnita) and south (Bender I-Reni-Galati) pass the border