National infrastructure manager of Portugal
Infraestruturas de Portugal (former REFER)
Network length, gauge and electrification (2019):
- 2440km broad gauge(1668mm), 1674km electrified at 25kV 50Hz and
25km at 1500V=
- 96km narrow gauge(1000mm), not electrified
The national railway network in Portugal is managed by Infraestruturas de Portugal.
This part of this company managing the railway network used to be known as REFER. Track maintenance and building is carried
out by railway construction companies and other operators.
The Linha do Vouga is the only remaining narrow gauge line still in
service, although there are plans to reopen the line around Mirandela
(part of the Linha do Tua).
CP - Comboios
Network length, gauge and electrification (2014):
- broad gauge(1668mm), electrified at 25kV 50Hz and 1500V= (IP)
- narrow gauge(1000mm), not electrified (IP)
At the end of 2004 the meaning of CP was changed from Caminhos de Ferro
Portugueses (Portugese Railways) to Comboios de Portugal (Trains of
Portugal), because REFER now actually manages the railway network and
CP only operates trains. In 2008 the freight sector of CP was renamed
into Cargo Logistics Portugal (CLP) but is better known as CP Carga.
In 2014 109.8 million passengers travelled with CP, 3% more than in
In 2016 the freight operating business CP Cargo was sold to MSC,
trading under the name Medlog (now Medway).
Network length, gauge and electrification (1997):
- 54km broad gauge(1668mm), electrified at 25kV 50Hz (IP)
Fertagus operates double-deck passenger trains over the link over
the river Tagus in Lisboa, from Lisboa Roma/Areeiro to Setúbal.
Medway Transporte & Logistica
Network length, gauge and electrification (2016):
Mediterranean Shipping Company SA announced that its subsidiary MSC
Rail completed the acquisition of a 95% stake in CP Carga on January 21
2016, taking control of the freight and logistics business of national
operator CP. The remaining 5% of the company is to be offered to
employees. In May 2016 the name of the rail freight business was
changed into Medlog, later changed again into Medway. Medway has taken
over 34 electric and 30 diesel
locomotives from CP, so not all CP Carga locomotives (more information
will be added when available). Medway will lease 4 new locomotives from
In 2022 Medway created a new subsidiary Medway North Continent with
office in Antwerp(B), for operation of freight trains to Germany,
Belgium and The Netherlands. Until now, Medway uses BLS Cargo and
Crossrail Belgium traction to operate trains in these countries.
TK - Takargo
Network length, gauge and electrification (2008):
Takargo is the first open-access freight operator in Portugal. Their
main traffic is intermodal trains from ports in Portugal towards
Spain. They use both second-hand CP locomotives and new locomotives.
In March 2022 Captrain from France announced that it had acquired Takargo.
Last update: 01-04-2022