National infrastructure manager of Spain

 ADIF - Administrador de Infraestructuras Ferroviarias

Network length, gauge and electrification (2020):

ADIF is the Spanish railway infrastructure manager. It operates its own locomotives and measuring/maintenance railcars (both broad gauge and standard gauge), but there are also numerous private track maintenance companies in Spain.

Website: http://www.adif.es/

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Railway Operators in Spain
Many thanks to Manuel Marcos for providing much technical data, especially of already withdrawn RENFE classes.


 RENFE - Red Nacional de los Ferrocarriles Españoles

Network length, gauge and electrification (2020):

In 1999 the RENFE was split up in different business units. AV-LD is the business unit that operates high-speed trains mainly over the standard gauge high-speed lines. ADIF is since January 2005 the new track authority. In 2006 former "Grandes Lineas" was renamed in "Larga Distancia" and "Regionales" in "Media Distancia".

Since 1 January 2013 RENFE and ADIF have become responsible of the former FEVE narrow gauge services and railway lines. FEVE operated narrow gauge trains in northwestern Spain, on the lines Bilbao-Leon, Bilbao-Santander, Santander-Llanes-Oviedo, Oviedo-Collanzo, Oviedo-Esteban, Gijon-Laviana, Gijon-Aviles-Pravia and Oviedo-Pravia-El Ferrol. In May 2003 the line Balmaseda-Guardo was reopened, allowing a through connection between Bilbao and Leon again after 10 years of closure. In 2021 the narrow-gauge freight business was taken over by Constru-Rail (49% RENFE, 51% ACS Group) with all staff transferring to the RENFE passenger department.

In 2019 475.9 million passengers travelled with suburban an medium distance trains (Cercanias and Media Distancia), 0.5% more than in 2018. High-speed (AVE) traffic grew by 2.8% to 22.4 million passengers, and long distance passenger traffic by 2.7% to 24.5 million passengers.

Website: http://www.renfe.es/

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 CRAIL - Continental Rail


Network length, gauge and electrification (2006):

Construrail was a subsidiary of Continental Rail (51%) and RENFE (49%) set up for the operation of track maintenance and building trains. But in 2007 they started operating the first regular intermodal service between Valencia and Madrid. In the mean time the company now operates as Continental Rail.

In 2021 Continental Rail was bought by French container and shipping company CMA CGM, from the Spanish ACS Group.

Website: http://www.continentalrail.es/

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 CTES - Captrain España (former COMSA)

Network length, gauge and electrification (2019):

COMSA started as a track maintenance and building company in Spain. It was later part of the COMSA EMTE group and also operates open-access freight trains in Spain and Portugal.
In July 2018 COMSA Rail Transport (the train operating part of COMSA) was acquired by SNCF Logistics and was consequently renamed into Captrain España.

Website: http://www.captrain.es/

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 EUSKO - EuskoTren (former FV/ET)


Network length, gauge and electrification (2007):

This company operates trains on the narrow gauge network in northern Spain, consisting of the lines Bilbao-Lezama, Bilbao-San Sebastian, Amorebieta-Bermeo, and San Sebastian-Hendaye. The also operate the La Reineta funicular and the tram in Bilbao and Vitoria (EuskoTran).

In 2019 the last train services to Bilbao Atxuri were diverted over the metro line from Kukullaga to Bilbao Matiko. The tram line which ends in front of Atxuri station will be extended over the former railway line to Bolueta, making the tram line 8km in length (Bolueta-La Casilla with 17 stops).

In 2019 23.85 million passengers travelled by train (22.48 million in 2018). 3.06 million passengers travelled by tram in Bilbao, and 8.33 million in Vitoria-Gasteiz.

Website: http://www.euskotren.es/

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 FGC - Ferrocarrils de la Generalitat de Catalunya

Network length, gauge and electrification (2003):

This company operates trains Barcelona-Sabadell/Terrassa/Manresa/Igualada. In 2003 the rack line from Monistrol-Enllac to Montserrat was re-opened. The line had been closed since 1958. Since January 2005 FGC operates passenger trains on the former RENFE line between Lleida and Pobla de Segur. In 2016 the line from Sabadel was extended to Placa Major (1.5km), and to Sabadell Parc du Nord (and Ca n'Oriac depot) in 2017 (another 3.7km).

In 2019 91.2 million passengers travelled with FGC, 4.4% more than in 2018. Of these 66.3 million were on the standard gauge lines (+3.5%) and 24.7 million on the narrow gauge suburban lines (+7%). Over 250,000 passengers (+13.5%) travelled on the rural broad gauge line between Lleida and La Poble de Segur.

Website: https://www.fgc.cat/

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 FGV - Ferrocarrils de la Generalitat Valenciana

Network length, gauge and electrification (2012):

This company operates trains on the non-electrified line between Alicante and Denia (92km) and the city tram and metro of Valencia. 14km of line between Alacant-La Marina and El Campello on the Alicante-Denia line have been doubled and electrified at 750V= as the first phase for a tram-train project.

In 2017 74.35 million passengers travelled with FGV (+1.76% on 2016): 63.8 million on Metrovalència and 10.5 million on Tram de Alacant.
In 2019 Metrovalència saw 69.44 million passengers, 3.2% more than in 2018.

Website: http://www.fgv.es/

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 FS - Ferrocarril de Soller

Network length, gauge and electrification (2003):

This company operates passenger trains between Palma and Soller on the island Mallorca. Once a day there is a touristic train with additional stops (for nice views over the island). At Soller the railway connects to the Tranvia de Soller which operates trams to the port of Soller.

Website: http://www.trendesoller.com/

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 LCR - Low Cost Rail


Network length, gauge and electrification (2016):

In 2016 Low Cost Rail started operating open-access freight trains with leased locomotives.

Website: http://lcrail.com/

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 SFM - Serveis Ferroviaris de Mallorca

Network length, gauge and electrification (2019):

This company operates passenger trains on the island Mallorca. The Y-shaped network runs from Palma to Inca, and from there to Sa Pobla (reopened in 2001) or to Manacor (reopened 2003). The oringinal network on the island was 914mm gauge, but all SFM lines have been rebuilt to meter gauge. Since the end of 2018, the entire network is electrified. All DMUs are withdrawn and (to be) sold.
In 2005 traffic grew to almost 3.5 million passengers, 11% more than in 2004. In passenger-km the rise was almost 25% to 75 billion.

Website: http://www.trensfm.com/

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Track building and maintenance companies

Network length, gauge and electrification (2003):

Spain has several track building/maintenance companies that operate their own locomotives, shunters and special equipment.

Stock Tables:

Last update: 29-09-2021