Railway Operators in Italy


FS - Trenitalia SpA (Ferrovie dello Stato Italiane)

Network length, gauge and electrification (2010):

In 2007 passenger traffic of Trenitalia fell by 7% compared to 2006. Freight traffic grew to 25 billion tonne-km (+4%).
As in many countries, the FS fleet has been split up between the different type of operations:
Historic trains are operated by FFSI, Fondazione FS Italiane, the main depot being located at Pistoia.

Website: http://www.fsitaliane.it/

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ATAC - Nuova ATAC SpA (formerly Met.Ro and COTRAL)

Network length, gauge and electrification (2012):

In January 2010 Trambus, Met.Ro (that operated the railway lines mentioned above) and ATAC merged into Nuova ATAC SpA.
The Ferrovia Roma Nord line runs from Piazzale Flaminio in Roma to Viterbo. To Prima Porte there is busy commuter traffic, beyond to Civitacastellana and Viterbo the service is very limited. The other lines are Roma - Lido and Roma - Pantano. In 2008 the last 10km of line G (Giardinetti-Pantano) was closed to be converted for metro operation (line C).

In 2012 ATAC still operates the railway lines Roma-Lido (former line E, Roma Porta San Paolo to Lido di Ostia Cristoforo Colombo), Roma-Giardinetti (remaints of line G, Roma Termini Laziali to Giardinetti) and Roma-Civita Castellana-Viterbo (former line F). Further ATAC operates metro lines, trams and busses. In 2015 the line to Giardinetti was closed between Parco Centocelle and Giardinetti.

Website: http://www.atac.roma.it/

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CFI - Compagnia Ferroviara Italiana

Network length, gauge and electrification (2010):

CFI is a new open-access freight train operator, based in Roma. In october 2015 it bought competitor RailOne.

Website: http://www.compagniaferroviariaitaliana.it/

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CTI - Captrain Italia Srl

Network length, gauge and electrification (2010):

In early 2010 all international activities of the French national operator SNCF Fret merged into Captrain. So former Veolia Cargo Italia and SCNF Fret Italia are now Captrain Italia.
Well-known international operator Veolia (originating from France) started its freight rail business in Italy at the end of 2008. Two electric locomotives were taken over from Crossrail, and the operating license of C-Rail Imprese Ferroviarie is used. The first service runned between Brescia and Luino.

Website: http://www.captrain.it/

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DB - DB Cargo Italia S.r.l.

Network length, gauge and electrification (2015):

In 2015 DB (from Germany) acquired a majority stake in NordCargo, the former freight operating arm of Ferrovie Nord Milano (FNM), and renamed the company into DB Schenker Rail Italia. The old company with this name was absorbed into NordCargo a few years before. In 2016 DB Schenker Rail was renamed into DB Cargo.

Website: http://www.rail.dbschenker.it/

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EAV - Ente Autonomo Volturno

Network length, gauge and electrification (2013):

In 2013 standard gauge companies MCNE and SEPSA and narrow gauge CV merged into EAV, responsible for all public transport in the Napoli area.

MetroCampania NordEst (MCNE) used to be known as FABN - Ferrovia Alifana e Benevento Napoli s.r.l. It is the result of a merger between former FA and FBN. FA operates trains between Santa Maria Capua Vetere and Piedimonte Matese. The line is (still) being electrified. The direct line from Santa Maria Capua Vetere to Napoli (another 39km) is being converted from 950mm gauge diesel-operated to standard gauge electrified at 1500V=, but this will take some years to finish. In 2005 3.2km was reopened on Piscinola=Scampia-Mugnano, operated by metro trains of line 1. in 2009 Piscinola-Aversa Centro reopened, originally this line was 950mm gauge but now standard gauge and electrified at 1500V DC.
FBN operates trains between Cancello and Benevento, with through trains to/from Napoli.

Societį per l'Esercizio di Pubblici Servizi SpA (SEPSA) operates trains around Naples, on Napoli Montesanto-Torregaveta and Napoli Montesanto-Marina di Licola-Torregaveta. In 2006 SEPSA produced 9.9 million passenger-km.

Circumvesuviana (CV) used to be known as SFSM - Strade Ferrate Secondarie Meridionali. It operates narrow gauge trains around Naples, up to Sorrento, Sarno, Baiano and Acerra. Also the historic village of Pompei has a station. In June 2004 a new branch between Madonnelle and Botteghelle was opened, and in 2006 the branch to Acerra.
In 2012 40 million passengers travelled with Circumvesuviana (41 million in 2011).

Website: http://www.eavcampania.it/

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FAL - Ferrovia Appulo Lucane

Network length, gauge and electrification (2012):

This company used to be a part of the FCL up to 1994. Now they operate trains around Bari and Potenza by themselves. The lines operated are Bari-Matera Sud, Altamura-Avigliano Lucania and Potenza Inferiore Scalo-Avigliano Cittą.

Website: http://www.fal-srl.it/

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FAS - Ferrovia Adriatico-Sangritana

Network length, gauge and electrification (2007):

This company operates passenger trains on Marina San Vito - Lanciano - Villa S.Maria - Castel di Sangro (some services starting from Pescara(FS). They also operate freight on Ortona Marina - Caldari(- Crocetta) and Torino di Sangro - Piazzano di Atessa. A direct cutoff line between Lanciano and San Vito (7km, electrified) opened in January 2007.

In 2016 FAS also operates services over RFI lines between S. Benedetto del Tronto, Pescara, Sulmona, Teramo and Termoli. FAS is now part of TUA: Trasport Unico Abruzzese (together with urban and suburban operators ARPA and GTM) which is based at Chieti, 15km west of Pescara.

Website: http://www.sangritana.it/

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FC - Ferrovie della Calabria

Network length, gauge and electrification (2000):

This company operates trains on Cosenza-Catanzaro Cittą-Catanzaro Lido. Between these last two stations there is a rack section. The line Pedace-San Giovanni (67km) was closed for regular traffic between 1997 and 2011. The lines radiating from Gioia Tauro (26km to Sinopoli and 32km to Cinquefrondi) were also closed in 2011 but might be reopened.

In 2006 1.42 million passengers travelled with FC, producing 24.4 million passenger-km.

Website: http://www.ferroviedellacalabria.com/

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FCE - Ferrovia Circumetnea

Network length, gauge and electrification (2000):

This company operates narrow gauge trains on Catania Borgo-Riposto. The urban narrow gauge section in Catania is now replaced by an underground standard gauge line. New stock was delivered for this line.

Website: http://www.circumetnea.it/

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FdS - Ferrovie della Sardegna (ARST)

Network length, gauge and electrification (2007):

In 1933 the railways on the island Sardinia were 949km long and operated by 3 companies: SFS(Strade Ferrate Sarde, two e/w lines, north of the central mountains range, centered in Sassari and Macomer), FCS(Ferrovie Complementari della Sardegna, north from Cagliari to the central mountains, then east to Arbatax) and FMS(Ferrovie Meridionali Sarde, s/w district of the island, now completely removed).
Now SFS and FCS are merged into FdS, and they took over the rolling stock from the FMS. Since June 1997 FS operates the network of FdS, closing many lines for regular passenger service. Only 210km is in daily service, but on the rest of the network tourist trains (Il Trenino Verde della Sardegna). From October 2010 FdS is managed by the integrated transport company ARST - Azienda Regionale Sarda Trasporti, the railway company is now known as ARST Gestione FdS.

In 2007 a section of 6.5km between Cagliary and Dolianovi was electrified, and it is now operated by new low-floor trams from Skoda. In 2015 this was extended to Settimo S. Pietro on the Monserrato-Isili line and a new line from S. Gottardo to Policlinico was inaugurated.

Website: http://arst.sardegna.it/

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FG - Ferrovie del Gargano

Network length, gauge and electrification (2012):

This company operates passenger trains on San Severo - Peschici Calenella and freight trains on Foggia-Manfredonia. In 2009 they finished rebuilding and electrifying the Foggia-Lucera line(20km) and took over operations from Trenitalia. On behalf of Trentitalia they also operato on San Severo-Foggia(-Bari).

Website: http://www.ferroviedelgargano.com/

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FGC - Ferrovia Genova-Casella

Network length, gauge and electrification (2000):

This company operates trains between Genova Piazza Manin and Casella.

Website: http://www.ferroviagenovacasella.it/

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FM - FuoriMuro Servizi Portuali e Ferroviari S.r.l.

Network length, gauge and electrification (2012):

This new open-access freight operating company, subsidiary of Inrail operates trains with a few hired locomotives. They have ordered two new Siemens Vectron locomotives.

Website: http://www.fuorimuro.it/

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FSE - Ferrovie del Sud-Est

Network length, gauge and electrification (2003):

This company operates trains in the South-East of Italy around Bari, Taranto and Lecce. In 2006 FSE produced 116 million passenger-km.

During summer 2016 FSE - which has large debts - was absorbed into Trenitalia/RFI. For the time being the brand name FSE will continue.

Website: http://www.fseonline.it/

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Ft - Ferrotramviaria

Network length, gauge and electrification (2009):

This company operates trains on Bari-Bitonto-Palese-Barletta.
A new "metro" branch (5km) to Ospedale S.Paolo was opened in December 2008, and it will be followed by a new 7.7km railway link to the airport at Bari.

Website: http://www.ferrovienordbarese.it/

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FUC - Societą Ferrovie Udine-Cividale s.a.r.l

Network length, gauge and electrification (2006):

For a short time this company was merged with FAM into Sistemi Territoriali (ST) but has now been separated again. FUC operates passenger trains between Udine and Cividale.

Website: http://www.ferrovieudinecividale.it/

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GTS - General Transport Service Rail

Network length, gauge and electrification (2010):

This major logistics company based in Bari now operates its own open-access freight trains with leased locomotives.

Website: http://www.gtstrasporti.com/

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GTT - Gruppo Torinese Trasporti

Network length, gauge and electrification (2006):

In the beginning of 2003 the former SATTI merged with Torino public transport operator ATM and former GTT. The "Ferrovie" division of this company, also known as Ferrovie Torino Nord or Ferrovie del Canavese, operates trains on Turin - Caselle Airport - Ceres GTT and Turin Dora - Pont (over RFI metals). In 2006 190 million passengers travelled with GTT.

Website: http://www.comune.torino.it/gtt/

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IR - InRail S.p.A

Network length, gauge and electrification (2011):

This open-access freight company is based in Genova.

Website: http://www.inrail.it/

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ISC - Interporto Servizi Cargo

Network length, gauge and electrification (2010):

ISC is an Italian open-access freight operator.

Website: http://www.isc.it/

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NTV - Nuovo Trasporto Viaggiatori S.p.A

Network length, gauge and electrification (2011):

Since 2012 NTV operates open access passenger trains over the high-speed lines in Italy. SNCF from France partly owns the company, which has its main depot at Nola. In 2015 over 9 million passengers travelled with NTV (5.5 million in 2014).

Website: http://www.ntvspa.it/

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RCCI - Rail Cargo Carrier Italia S.r.l. (former LINEA)

Network length, gauge and electrification (2007):

Linea was a new open-access freight operator based in the former Trenitalia depot in Asti. However its office is located in Pozzolo Formigaro (close to Alessandria). Their first locomotives were bought second-hand from HUPAC. In December 2008 Rail Cargo Austria bought 55% of Linea, and in the beginning of 2012 the company was renamed into Rail Cargo Italia. In 2015 this was brought in line with other foreign parts of RCA and the subsidiary is now called Rail Cargo Carrier Italia.

Website: http://www.railcargo.it/

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RTC - Rail Traction Company

Network length, gauge and electrification (2001):

This new company was founded to operate long distance freight trains over the former FS network and abroad. Since 2000 they operate open-access freight trains, mainly on München-Verona.

Website: http://www.railtraction.it/

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SAD - Societį Automobilistica Dolomiti
Ferrovia del Renon (Italian)/Rittnerbahn AG (German)

Network length, gauge and electrification (2004):

The SAD operates all local public transport in the province. Its rail part consists of two lines: the Ferrovia del Renon/Rittnerbahn and Merano-Malles.
Ferrovia del Renon/Rittnerbahn is a short narrow gauge line situated on a mountain plateau near Bolzano/Bozen. It operates passenger trains with second-hand tram cars from Germany, and is connected to Bolzano/Bozen by a funicular.
The 60km railway line Merano-Mįlles Venosta was closed by FS in 1990, but was taken over by the province. Train service restarted in May 2005 after much modernisation and acquisition of new trains. Since 2009 SAD also operates electric trains on Merano-Bolzano-Fortezza-Brennero and Fortezza-San Candido, maybe to be extended into Austria (Innsbruck and Lienz).

Website: http://www.sad.it/ and http://www.vinschgauerbahn.it/

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SERFER - Servizi Ferroviari

Network length, gauge and electrification (2010):

SERFER is a subsidiary of Ferrovie dello Stato (FS/Trenitalia) that mainly operates shunting duties and open-access freight trains. It also operates the "Roma Express" passenger trains that are actually owned by FCU, for Seatrain.

Website: http://www.serferonline.it/

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SSIF - Societį Subalpina di Imprese Ferroviarie

Network length, gauge and electrification (1996):

This company operates its trains, in cooperation with the FART from Switzerland, on Domodossola-Locarno.

Website: http://www.vigezzina.com/

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ST - Sistemi Territoriali S.p.a.

Network length, gauge and electrification (2006):

This company used to be known as FAM (Ferrovia Adria-Mestre) and later as FV (Ferrovie Venete). For some time the Ferrovia Udine-Cividale formed part of ST but this line is now operated separately.
As the name of the old company says, ST runs from Venezia Mestre to Adria.

Website: http://www.sistemiterritorialispa.it/

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TFT - Trasporto Ferroviario Toscano SpA

Network length, gauge and electrification (2006):

In Januari 2005 LFI (La Ferroviaria Italiana) was split up in an infrastructure company RFT (Rete Ferroviaria Toscana SpA) and an operating company TFT. This company operates passenger and freight trains on Arezzo-Stia and Arezzo-Sinalunga.
In 2013 1.3 million passengers travelled with TFT by rail.

Website: http://www.trasportoferroviariotoscano.it/

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TN - Trenord
(former FNM/LeNord)

Network length, gauge and electrification (2000):

In early 2011 the passenger operating branch of Ferrovie Nord Milano (LeNord) formed an alliance with Trenitalia with the name Trenord. Trenord is now responsible for all regional passenger trains in the Lombardia region in northern Italy.

LeNord operated passenger trains between Milan and Laveno, Como, Novara and Asso. They also operate freight trains between Saronno and Seregno. Some years ago they took over SNFT (Brescia-Iseo-Edolo and Rovato Borgo-Bornato Calino). Since May 1999 they also operate the Milan airport link from Busto Arsizio to Malpensa Airport (11.148km double track electrified at 3000V=). This service operates from Milano Cadorna with new TAF double-deck trainsets. In 2006 52 million passengers travelled with FNM.
In 2006 the different subsidiaries of Ferrovie Nord Milano (now FNM Spa) were renamed:

In January 2010 DB acquired a minority stake in NordCargo, and decided to intergrate DB Schenker Rail Italia (former SFM) into NordCargo. Therefore NordCargo is now actually the operating arm of DB for freight transport in Italy. In 2015 DB aquired a majority stake in NordCargo and renamed the company into DB Schenker Rail Italia S.r.l.

Website: http://www.trenord.it/

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TPER - Trasporto Passeggeri Emilia Romagna

Network length, gauge and electrification (2012):

In 2012 ATC Bologna (city transport) and FER Trasporti formed a new operating company called TPER. The railway infrastructure is still managed by FER Infrastruttura and trains are still owned by FER. Remaining freight traffic not operated by Oceanogate will be operated by a new freight subsidiary called Dinazzano Po with locomotives owned by FER.

FER was an association formed in April 2000 between the following private railways in the Bologna area:

Later it was joined by ATCM (Modena-Sassuolo, 17km), ATC (Casalecchio-Vignola, 24km) and ACT Reggio Emilia (Reggio d'Emilia to Guastalla, Ciano d'Enza and Sassuolo, 76km). The main workshop is in Sermide (former FSF).

In 2006 2.3 million passengers travelled with FER, and it transported 3.3 million tonnes of which 2.8 with open access contracts over RFI lines.

Oceanogate is a subsidiary created by FER and shipping company Sogemar. It hauls freight trains on RFI lines between the principal industrial cities of Emilia Romagna and Lombardia and the harbours of Emilia Romagna and Liguria like Ravenna, Genova, La Spezia and Livorno. Oceanogate uses hired locomotives, mainly from FER.

Since 2014 freight operations (also open-access over RFI tracks) is in the hands of Dinazzano Po, a subsidiary of TPER that has taken over most locomotives and shunters.

Website: http://www.fer-online.it/

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TT - Trentino Trasporti Spa

Network length, gauge and electrification (2005):

On 27 November 2002, bus operator Atesina and railway Ferovia Trento-Malč (FTM), both based in Trento, merged as new company Trentino Trasporti Spa.
It operates electric narrow gauge trains on Trento-Malč-Mezzana. The line was extended to Marilleva (10km) in March 2003 and Mezzana (810m) in July 2016. There are plans for a further 6.5km extension to Fucine.
In 2003 2.0 million passengers travelled with TT.

Website: http://www.ttspa.it/

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Umbria Mobilitą (former FCU - Ferrovia Centrale Umbra)

Network length, gauge and electrification (2000):

This company operates trains around Perugia and Terni, of which many are diesel trains although the main line is electrified. Since summer 2008 FCU operates passenger trains on Terni-Rieti-L'Aquila on behalf of Trenitalia (104km). Since December 2010 FCU is part of Umbria TPL e Mobilitą in Perugia, that groups different public transport operators. In 2009 FCU transported 1.3 million passengers. In 2013 the company was officially renamed into Umbria Mobilitą.

In 2016 the service (Terni-Perugia-Sansepolcro) was taken over by Busitalia, part of the FS Group. The infrastructure was taken over by RFI.

Website: http://www.umbriamobilita.it/

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Last update: 20-01-2017